What you are about to read below is what I have been dealing with since my first book in 2005. For whatever reason, they always end up dancing around a Mexican Sombrero stomping their feet to the song “la-cucaracha” – no correlation really, just my little way of poking fun at…
What you are about to read below is what I have been dealing with since my first book in 2005. For whatever reason, they always end up dancing around a Mexican Sombrero stomping their feet to the song “la-cucaracha” – no correlation really, just my little way of poking fun at the bureaucracy end of NASA and NOAA highlighting the miles of distance between the left hand and the right hand.
You will see it takes this published review several paragraphs to make one simple statement which defines the definition of El Nino, La Nina, and of course “La Cucaracha – la-cucaracha, no se puede caminar más”. It simply means ‘shifting jet streams and ocean currents’.
I wrote a full chapter on my experience when interviewing NASA and NOAA in my book “Solar Rain – The Earth Changes Have Begun”. Prior to my 1st book, I published an equation back in 1998 later realizing I had brought NASA and NOAA together for perhaps the first time ever.
Sunspots → Solar Flares (charged particles) → Magnetic Field Shift → Shifting Ocean and Jet Stream Currents → Extreme Weather and Human Disruption (mitch battros 1998).
The El Niño Southern Oscillation is Earth’s main source of year-to-year climate variability, but its response to global warming remains highly uncertain.
Scientists see a large amount of variability in the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) when looking back at climate records from thousands of years ago. Without a clear understanding of what caused past changes in ENSO variability, predicting the climate phenomenon’s future is a difficult task.
“All of the natural climate fluctuations are in this model, and what we see is that the El Niño responds to every single one of these, significantly,” said Kim Cobb, an associate professor of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta.
The El Niño-Southern Oscillation phenomenon controls how the climate changes in the tropics (and also influences weather patterns elsewhere, including the United States).
The study was sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Department of Energy (DOE). The study was published November 27 in the journal Nature.
In the study, researchers analyzed a series of transient Coupled General Circulation Model simulations forced by changes in orbital forcing meltwater discharge and the ice-sheet history throughout the past 21,000 years. This is farthest in the past that this model has been run continuously, which required supercomputers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the National Center for Atmospheric Research to be dedicated to the simulation for months.
Strengthening ENSO over the current interglacial period, caused by increasing positive ocean-atmosphere feedbacks
“The model gives some very clear predictions that are very much in line with some of the best understandings of the physics controlling the El Niño system,” Cobb said. “It shows that this climate system in the model is sensitive to a variety of different natural climate changes that occurred over the last 21,000 years.”
In order to understand how El Niño responds to various climate forces, researchers test model predictions of past El Niño changes against actual records of past ENSO activity. Kim Cobb published several such records, including a large fossil coral dataset published in Science last year.
“The more we can close the loop between what this model says happened in the past and what the data say happened in the past, then we can project forward our improved understanding to understand future El Niño,” Cobb said.